Moscow is the capital of Russia and the largest city in Europe. It is rich in its history and architecture. There are hundreds of interesting places to walk and explore in Moscow at any time of the year and at any hour: from viewing the ancient walls of the Kremlin to visiting the modern towers of Moscow City.

Moscow on map

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The Moscow Kremlin

The center of the capital can be compared with the best cities in Europe. Over the past 10 years, the city has carried out a large-scale program of landscaping and renovation of the whole of Moscow.

What to see

Friendship of Peoples Fountain at VDNH

There are about 500 museums, 800 parks, 250 theaters and 300 cinemas in Moscow. This is a very big city, so before you travel, you should decide in advance on the route of your trip. It is from him that you should choose an area to live in.

Novy Arbat Evening

Among the most iconic sights for Moscow are considered to be: the Moscow Kremlin, Red Square, Tverskaya Square, Boulevard Ring, Gorky Park, Zaryadye Park, Victory Park, Patriarchal Ponds (also known in speech as "Patriki"), Luzhniki, Bolshoi Theater, Gum, Tsum, Kuznetsky Most, Kitay-Gorod, Park Kolomenskoye, the Moscow Zoo, Moscow City, VDNKH, Sokolniki Park, the Tretyakov Gallery and the cozy streets of the center of Moscow: Myasnitskaya, Petrovka, Ilyinka, Klimentovsky Lane, Khokhlovsky Lane, Podkopaevsky Lane and Spiridonovka Street.

The origin of the name "Moscow"

The exact origin of the city's name is unknown. Some researchers claim that the word Moscow comes from the Finno-Ugric "Mosh Kva" (translated as a wet place), due to the presence of swamps in the area.

There are many variants of the word's origin, and scientists have not yet determined the exact reason for choosing this name.

The history of the origin

Skyscrapers of Moscow City

Moscow was first mentioned in 1147 in the chronicle. On this date, Muscovites celebrate the city day and consider the age of the capital. Prince Yuri Dolgoruky founded Moscow.

Moscow was able to unite the Russian lands and became the capital of the Moscow Kingdom. The city lost its status as the capital after the founding of St. Petersburg. Moscow has survived many fires and wars, which is why the main urban heritage is no more than two hundred years old.

The House of Culture "GES-2" and Urs Fischer's sculpture "Big Clay No. 4"

Moscow is sometimes called the "mother see" capital, because the royal throne originated here. Even after the emperor moved to St. Petersburg, all Russian emperors were crowned in the Moscow bell tower of Ivan the Great.

In 1917, Moscow became the capital of Russia again.

Festivals and events

New Year's Fair in Moscow

Every month, the city hosts various festivals and events at the federal and city levels. They take place in large parks: Gorky Central Park, Zaryadye, VDNKh.

Moscow is famous for its theaters: the Bolshoi, the Maly Theater, the Moscow Art Theater and others.

Dozens of New Year's fairs and ice rinks are opening in the city before the New Year and Christmas.

Moscow Metro

The Moscow metro station is innovative

The Moscow Metro is the largest in Europe and one of the busiest in the world. It is expanding every year, and local transport sets development trends across the country.

Each of the stations is unique in design and style. The old stations are covered with marble, while the modern ones are dominated by glass, metal and color schemes. Exploring metro stations can be an interesting route around Moscow for several days.


Moscow is located in the middle of the Central Federal District, in the very center of the Russian Plain. The climate is temperate continental: there are all four seasons. In winter, temperatures rarely fall below 15 ° C, and in summer they do not rise above 28 ° C.

How to get

By plane

Transfer at Sheremetyevo airport

There are 4 international airports in Moscow: Domodedovo, Vnukovo, Sheremetyevo, Zhukovsky. Since 2023, Vnukovo Airport has been connected to the city by a metro line. Aeroexpress high-speed trains run to Sheremetyevo, Domodedovo and Vnukovo, for which you can buy tickets in advance.

By train

Aeroexpress train at Moscow railway station

There are 10 major railway stations in the capital: Belorussky, Vostochny, Kazansky, Kievsky, Kursky, Leningradsky, Paveletsky, Rizhsky, Savelovsky and Yaroslavsky. Hundreds of long-distance trains and commuter trains pass through them every day.

You can study prices and buy tickets to or from Moscow online at Tutu services, or on the official website of Russian Railways. Along with the purchase of a ticket, you can choose the level of comfort, place and food.

By bus

There are several large bus stations in the city. From them you can get to other cities of Russia and neighboring countries. You can find out about bus routes and buy tickets online on the Unitiki or Tutu services.

By car

Hundreds of roads and highways lead to Moscow. There are several transport rings around the city: the MKAD, the Central Ring Road, the Small Concrete Ring and the Moscow Big Concrete Ring. Some routes are paid, but there are fewer traffic jams on them.

On the ship

Moscow can be reached by the Moskva River, through the Moscow Canal and along the Volga River. Comfortable motor ships run in all directions, and a trip to Moscow by water is one of the most beautiful routes.

You can travel to Moscow by boat from St. Petersburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Ulyanovsk, Samara, Rostov-on-Don and Astrakhan. You can explore the available options and book tickets on the Cruise services.Online or Cruises&Journeys


April 15, 2024

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