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Russian Railways


Rail transport in Russia is one of the largest in the world. The length of public railway tracks is 124 thousand km. Russia ranks 3rd in the world, second only to the United States (250 thousand km) and China (127 thousand km).

General information

Passenger train Moscow – Adler with locomotive EP20 on the Lukhovitsy-Kolomna stage

JSC Russian Railways consists of 16 branches connecting all regions of Russia. 80 out of 85 regions have railway connections, there are no railways only in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, the Altai Republic, the Kamchatka Territory, the Magadan Region, the Republic of Tyva and the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug.

Russia's railways are characterized by a high degree of electrification: in terms of the length of the highways, Russia lost the first place to China, remaining in second place.

The standard width of the railway track in Russia is 1520 mm. On Sakhalin Island, the track width is 1067 mm. Work on the conversion of the Sakhalin Railway to a network-wide standard has been underway since 2003

East Siberian Railway

A passenger train running along Lake Baikal near the Sukhoi Ruchey station

The East Siberian Railway runs through the Irkutsk and Chita regions, as well as the republics of Buryatia and Sakha (Yakutia). The length of the highway is 3,848 km.

The famous Baikal-Amur Mainline administratively belongs to both the East Siberian and Far Eastern Railways — with the border between them at the Khani station in the Tynda region (Neryungrinsky district of Yakutia)

Gorky Railway

Lastochka passenger train on the railway bridge over the Klyazma on the Voynovo-Usad stage (Gorky direction)

The road runs in two directions: Moscow – Nizhny Novgorod – Kirov and Moscow – Kazan – Yekaterinburg, which are interconnected. The road connects the Central, Northwestern and Northern regions of Russia with the Volga region, the Urals and Siberia. The total length of the road is 12066 km. The length of the main railway tracks is 7987 km.

The Gorky Railway (GZhD) is one of the oldest and most equipped railways in Russia, the services of the Gorky Railway are used by about 200 districts, where more than 14 million people live.

Far Eastern Railway

Freight train with locomotive 3TE25K2m on the Eldigan-Tudur stage

The Far Eastern Railway runs through the territory of five subjects – the Primorsky and Khabarovsk Territories, the Amur and Jewish Autonomous Regions, and the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The Magadan, Sakhalin, Kamchatka regions and Chukotka are in the service area of this direction, with a total length of 5,986 km.

Trans-Baikal Railway

Transport and logistics complex at Zabaikalsk station. TransContainer container terminal. The border with China (Manchuria) is in the background.

The first train arrived in Irkutsk on August 16, 1898

The Trans-Baikal Railway runs through the south-east of Russia, the territory of the Trans-Baikal Territory and the Amur Region, and is located near the border of the People's Republic of China. This branch of the railway has the only direct border railway crossing in Russia through Zabaikalsk station. The length of the tracks is 3370 km.

West Siberian Railway

Passenger train with EP2K locomotive on the Bolotnoye-Novaya Chebula stage

The West Siberian Railway runs through the territory of Omsk, Novosibirsk, Kemerovo, Tomsk regions, Altai Territory and, partially, the Republic of Kazakhstan. The deployed length of the mainline tracks is 8986 km, the operational length is 5602 km.

Three tunnels have been built on the ZZHD. The first tunnel with a length of 100 m was built in the 1930s on 516 km of the Novokuznetsk — Tashtagol branch line. The second tunnel was built on 159 km of the Altayskaya — Artyshta branch in 1951, its length is 990 meters. In 1967, the longest tunnel (1,157 m), Tomusinsky, was commissioned, it is located on 106 km of the Artyshta — Tomusinskaya section.

Kaliningrad Railway

Kaliningrad Terminal and Logistics Center. Coal loading at the coal terminal.

A unique feature of the highway located in the area of the international transport corridors "Riga-Kaliningrad-Gdansk" and "Kiev-Minsk-Vilnius-Kaliningrad" is the presence of a double gauge: narrow European and standard Russian.

The Kaliningrad Railway operates under special geopolitical conditions. Kaliningrad is the shortest route from Russia to Western Europe. The road has no common borders with Russian railways. The extended length of the highway is 1100 km, the length of the main tracks is about 900 km.

Krasnoyarsk Railway

The building of the railway station of the city of Krasnoyarsk

The Krasnoyarsk Railway is located in the geographical center of Russia. It connects the large industrial territories of the country, where significant energy resources are concentrated.

The highway passes through four regions – Kemerovo Region, Khakassia, Irkutsk Region and Krasnoyarsk Territory, connecting the Trans-Siberian and South Siberian highways. This is a kind of bridge between the European part of Russia, the Far East and Asia. The operational length is 3160 km. The total length is 4,544 km.

KZhD is one of the leading railways in terms of technical equipment and loading volumes: over the past five years, the Krasnoyarsk Railway has transported about 370 million tons of cargo.

Kuibyshev Railway

Saransk Railway Station

The Kuibyshev Railway stretches from the Moscow region to the Ural Foothills, connecting the center and west of Russia with large socio-economic regions of the Urals, Siberia, Kazakhstan and Central Asia. The road runs from West to East: Kustarevka – Inza – Ulyanovsk and Ryazhsk – Samara and ends at the spurs of the Ural Mountains. Two other lines of the Ruzaevka – Penza – Rtishchevo and Ulyanovsk – Syzran – Saratov roads run from North to South.

The geographical location of the Kuibyshev Railway determines its peculiarity - the combination of large transit cargo flows with significant local traffic. The road serves the largest automobile plants in Russia – in Tolyatti (Volzhsky), Naberezhnye Chelny (KamAZ), Ulyanovsk, Yelabuga.

Moscow Railway

EP2D commuter train on the Vinogradovo-Konobeevo section (Ryazan direction)

A characteristic feature of the Moscow Railway is its branching. 11 radial directions converge at the Moscow railway junction, which are interconnected by a Small Ring (54 km), a Large Circumferential Ring (558 km) and numerous rockades. No regional railway in Russia has such a complex transport network.

The Moscow Railway was organized in 1959 as a result of the unification of six roads: Moscow – Ryazan, Moscow – Kursk – Donbass, Moscow – Okrug, Moscow – Kiev, Kalininskaya and Severnaya. The deployed length is 13,000 km, the operational length is about 8,800 km.

Oktyabrskaya Railway

ES1-046, Russia, Leningrad region, Mga - Gory stage

The Oktyabrskaya highway passes through the territory of 11 subjects of the Russian Federation - Leningrad, Pskov, Novgorod, Vologda, Murmansk, Tver, Moscow, Yaroslavl regions, the cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg and the Republic of Karelia. The operational length is 10143 km.

The main feature of transport communication in the North-West of Russia is its export-import orientation. There are 8 border crossings in the Oktyabrskaya Road service area: four of them are on the border with Finland, two each with Latvia and Estonia.

Volga Railway

Passenger train on the stretch of Verkhny Baskunchak – Akhtubinsk stations

The Volga (Ryazan-Ural) railway is located in the south-east of the European part of Russia in the area of the Lower Volga and the middle reaches of the Don and covers the territories of the Saratov, Volgograd and Astrakhan regions, as well as several stations located within the Rostov, Samara regions and Kazakhstan. The length of the road is 4,191 km.

Sverdlovsk Railway

Retro tourist train "Ural Express"

The world's longest railway is the Trans–Siberian Railway. It connects Moscow with Vladivostok. The length of the Transsib tracks is about 10,000 km.

The highway connects the European and Asian parts of Russia, stretches from west to east for fifteen hundred kilometers and crosses the Arctic Circle in a northerly direction. It passes through Nizhny Tagil, Perm, Yekaterinburg, Surgut, Tyumen. It also serves the Khanty-Mansiysk and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrugs. The operational length is 7,154 km. The deployed length is 13,853 km.

The Sverdlovsk Railway presented a retro tourist train in the style of the early twentieth century "Ural Express", following the route Yekaterinburg - Shuvakish – Verkhnyaya Pyshma, doing part of the way on steam traction.

Ural Express made its first flight on December 3, 2022. The train departs from Yekaterinburg at 19:05 and arrives back at 21:40. Travel time is 2 hours and 35 minutes.

Northern Railway

Rail bus RA2 "Moscow – Pereslavl-Zalessky" on the Berendeevo-Pereslavl stage

The highway originates in the center of Russia and extends far to the north of the country. Most of the Northern Highway is operated in the harsh conditions of the Far North and the Arctic. The deployed length is 8,500 kilometers.

North Caucasus Railway

Railway station in Mineralnye Vody, Stavropol Territory, Russia. Mineralnye Vody is a precinct railway station of the Mineralovodsk region of the North Caucasus Railway, located in the city of Mineralnye Vody, Stavropol Territory.

The road's service area includes 11 constituent entities of the Russian Federation of the Southern Federal District, it directly borders Ukraine, Georgia and Azerbaijan. The operational length of the highway is 6,358 km.

Southeastern Railway

The ED9M commuter train is on the tracks near the Otkos station. Paths along the banks of the Don River

The Southeastern Railway occupies a central position on the railway network and connects the eastern regions and the Urals with the Center, as well as the regions of the North, Northwest and Center with the North Caucasus, Ukraine and the states of Transcaucasia. The Southeastern railway borders with the Moscow, Kuibyshev, North Caucasus, and Southern Railways of Ukraine. The operational length is 4189 km.

Since February 24, 2022, due to the implementation of the SVO, the railway connection between Ukraine and Russia has been completely stopped

South Ural Railway

The Museum of Railway Equipment of the South Ural Railway in Chelyabinsk at the Chelyabinsk-Glavny station (near the plant named after Kolushchenko)

The South Ural Railway is located in two parts of the world – at the junction of Europe and Asia.

The Southern Federal District includes Chelyabinsk, Kurgan, Orenburg and Kartalinsk branches. Several railway lines of the highway pass through the territory of Kazakhstan. The Southeastern railway borders with the Moscow, Kuibyshev, North Caucasus, and Southern Railways of Ukraine. The operational length is 4189 km. The deployed length is over 8000 km.


March 19, 2024 03:34 pm



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